2. DEMOGRAPHY

2.1. TOTAL POPULATION
The City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan experienced a 3.64% population growth, or an additional population of 138, 746 persons from the year 2000 compared to the latest census in 2010. This rapid growth can be observed in the increasing population from a majority of the barangays in the City. Should the City observed the same growth trends, in 30 years, the city’s population would increase by roughly 1.9 million people.

2.1.1 Barangay Population
Among the most populated Barangays in the city is Muzon with a total of 81,947 (2010) inhabitants or approximately 18% of the city’s total population during the census year. Interestingly Muzon, with 5.56% Annual Average Growth Rate (AAGR) in 200-2010, does not maintain the highest population in the city. Based on the population projections, this Barangay’s population will be exceeded by Minuyan Proper (19.29% AAGR), by the year 2018.
The SJDM’s total population from census years 2000 and 2010 are presented in Table 2-1, together with five (5) year interval projections calculated by the exponential growth method, using barangay AAGR from 2000-2010 census years.

Table 2-1 Total Population by Barangay (2000-2025)

2000 2010 2015 2020 2025
City of San Jose del Monte  315,807 454,553 543,528 649,918 777,133
Assumption 2,050 4,291 6,126 8,746 12,428
 Bagong Buhay I  5,621 6,698  7,305  7,967   8,690
 Bagong Buhay II  3,521 4,009  4,276  4,562  4,865 
 Bagong Buhay III 3,903  5,388  6,313  7,397  8,668 
 Citrus 13,066  20,882  26,260  33,024  41,521 
 Ciudad Real  1,935  2,338  2,567  2,819 3,096
 Dulong Bayan  5,440 6,292 6,762 7,226 7,810
Fatima I  5,242 5,815 6,124 6,449 6,790
Fatima II 9,263 10,453 11,101 11,789 12,518
Fatima III 5,425 6,917 7,799 8,794 9,915
Fatima IV 2,875 3,167 3,324 3,488 3,660
Fatima V 2,850 3,070 3,185 3,305 3,430
Francisco Homes- Guijo 1,785 1,707 1,669 1,632 1,596
Francisco Homes- Mulawin 1,461 1,650 1,753 1,863 1,979
Francisco Homes-Narra 1,837 1,974 2,046 2,121 2,198
Francisco Homes-Yakal  2,029 2,407 2,620 2,852 3,104
Gaya-gaya  7,148 13,727 18,825 25,816 35,406
Graceville 22,671 28,563  32,018 35,891 40,230
Gumaoc Central  2,704 3,392 3,795 4,246 4,749
Gumaoc East 3,854 4,533 4,912 5,323 5,769
Gumaoc West 5,288 6,915 7,893 9,008 10,283
Kaybanban 1,000 2,371 3,587 5,425 8,206
Kaypian 18,530 25,614 30,041 35,234 41,315
Lawang Pare 3,264 3,949 4,339 4,767 5,238
Maharlika 2,793 3,127 3,308 3,499 3,701
Minuyan I 3,079 2,861 2,758 2,659 2,563
Minuyan II 4,532 5,360 5,826 6,332 6,881
Minuyan III 2,327 2,703 2,912 3,137 3,379
Minuyan IV 3,492 3,979 4,244 4,528 4,831
Minuyan Proper 4,928 33,928 81,971 197,804 477,659
Minuyan V 2,535 2,215 2,069 1,934 1,807
Muzon 47,010 81,947 107,355 140,642 184,285
Paradise III  2,186 3,420 4,256 5,296 6,591
Poblacion 1,886 2,118 2,244 2,377 2,518
Poblacion I 2,882 4,254 5,148 6,231 7,541
San Isidro 1,811 2,370 2,706 3,091 3,529
 San Manuel  8,107 12,241 14,979 18,330 22,428
San Martin I 3,207 3,757 4,063 4,395 4,753
San Martin II 2,771 3,336 3,656 4,007 4,393
San Martin III 2,609 3,041 3,281 3,540 3,819
San Martin IV 2,939 3,592 3,968 4,383 4,840
San Pedro 12,096 13,866 14, 835 15,871 16,985
San Rafael I 3,457 3,107 2,944 2,790 2,644
San Rafael II 3,112 2,908 2,810 2,716 2,625
San Rafael III 5,308 5,257 5,231 5,205 5,180
San Rafael IV 6,080 7,782 8,792 9,933 11,219
San Rafael V 2,544 2,807 2,947 3,095 3,250
San Roque 1,643 1,617 1,607 1,594 1,581
Sapang Palay Proper 3,576 4,894 5,712 6,667 7,780
San Martin de Porres 2,363 2,227 2,162 2,099 2,038
Sta. Cruz I 2,997 2,711 2,578 2,452 2,331
Sta. Cruz II 2,798 3,078 3,227 3,383 3,548
Sta. Cruz III 2,058 2,440 2,655 2,888 3,142
Sta. Cruz IV 2,623 3,011 3,225 3,453 3,698
Sta. Cruz V 3,128 3,500 3,700 3,912 4,137
Sto. Cristo 17,840 29,327 37,376 47,634 60,702
Sto. Niño 2,807 2,582 2,475 2,373 2,276
Sto. Niño II 3,424 2,808 2,541 2,299 2,080
Tungkong Mangga 6,097 10,260 13,220 17,034 21,949

Source: NSO Census of Population and Housing 2010

Of particular interest are the Barangays with the highest and lowest population values in the projected population. Table 2-2 in the next page enumerates the barangay names and respective population for the years 2015, 2020, and 2025.

Table 2-2 Highest and Lowest Population by Barangay 

BARANGAYS WITH HIGHEST POPULATION 
2015 2020 2025
Population Population Population
Muzon  107,355 Minuyan Proper  197,804 Minuyan Proper  477, 659
Minuyan Proper  81,921 Muzon  140,642 Muzon  184,285
Sto. Cristo 37,376 Sto. Cristo 47,634 Sto. Cristo 60,702
Graceville 32,018 Graceville 35,891 Graceville 41,521
Kaypian 30,041 Kaypian 35,234 Kaypian 41,521
Citrus 26,260 Citrus 33,024 Citrus 40,230
Gaya-gaya 18,825 Gaya-gaya 25,816 Gaya-gaya 35,406
San Manuel 14,979 San Manuel 18,330 San Manuel 22,428
San Pedro 14,835 Tungkong Mangga  17,034 Tungkong Mangga  21,949
Tungkong Mangga  13,220 San Pedro 15,871 San Pedro 16,986

 

BARANGAYS WITH LOWEST POPULATION 
2015 2020 2025
  Population   Population   Population
San Roque   1,607 San Roque   1,594 San Roque   1,581
Fatima II 1,669 Fatima II 1,632 Fatima II 1,596
Fatima III 1,753 Fatima III 1,863 Minuyan V 1,807
Fatima IV 2,046 Minuyan V 1,934 Fatima III 1,979
Minuyan V 2,069 St. Martin de Porres 2,099 St. Martin de Porres  2,038
St. Martin de Porres 2,162 Fatima IV 2,121 Sto. Niño II 2,080
Poblacion 2,244 Sto. Niño II 2,299 Fatima IV 2,198
Sto. Niño I 2,475 Sto. Niño I 2,373 Sto. Niño I 2,276
Sto. Niño II 2,541 Poblacion   2,377 Sta. Cruz I  2,331
Ciudad Real  2,567 Sta. Cruz I 2,452 Poblacion 2,581

By 2015, Muzon will still be the most populated barangay in the city; however, Minuyan Proper would overtake the population of the former by the year 2020. Another barangay of interest in terms of population growth is Citrus, which is projected to have 41,521 inhabitants in 2065 from 26,260 ten years before. Also noticeable is that the projected population of the city will be concentrated in a handful of barangays namely Minuyan Proper, Muzon, Sto. Cristo and Citrus. This may pose negative implications in the distribution of goods and services in the city, should growth remain unmanaged. On the other hand, barangays with low population values are more closely ranged.

2.1.2. Age-Sex Population

San Jose del Monte generally has a young population with a medium age of 23.5 years old. This is higher than the recorded 2007 city median age of 21.7. However, note that the city’s median age is lower compared to the provincial median age of 24.8 years old in 2010. While the sex ratio for the city in the latest Census year is 99.8; this means there are approximately 100 males for every 100 females in the population (table 2-3).

The age structure of the City of San Jose del Monte embodies the role as the provider of human resources to the adjacent Metropolis. Based on the figure below (Figure 2-2) more than half of the population or 63% belongs to the productive age group which is 15-64 years. The high proportions of the young and productive population translate to high demand for social services such as employment, social welfare, housing, school health, etc.

The total dependency ratio in the city is 58% with a young dependency ratio of 53% age 15 years old and below (table 2-4) , and 5% dependency ratio for the elderly population. Further, there are more young dependent males than females in contrast with the elderly with more females.

Table 2-4 Dependency Ratios

SEX RATIO AND PROPORTION BY BROAD AGE GROUP
                                                                               Both Sexes             Male           Female
Children – Age – 0-14                                          100                        52                    48
Adulet – Age 15-64                                                  99                       49                     50
Old-Old 65 age and over                                       100                        39                    61

 

WORKING/DEPENDENTS AGE GROUP
                                                                                  Both Sexes                     Male              Female
Total                                                                         454,263                       226,886           227,377
Young dependents (0-14 years old)                   151,786                        78,234             73,552
Working Age (15-64 years old)                            287,850                       142,902           144,948
Old dependents(65 years old and over)             14,627                          5,750                8,877

 

DEPENDENCY RATIO
                                                                                    Both Sexes              Male           Female

(in %)                  (in %)           (in %)

Young dependents (0-14 years old)                          53                        55                 51
Old dependents (65 years old and over)                   5                          4                   6
Overall dependency Ratio                                          58                         59                57

 

OTHER AGE GROUPS
                                                                               Both Sexes           Male           Female
Senior Citizen(60 years old and over)             24,496               10,292         14,204
School Age Population(5-24 years old)          188,666             96,052          92,613
Reproductive women(15-49 years old)           244,266            121,589        122,677

Source: NSO Census of Population and housing 2010

              The voting age population comprises 56% of the total city population, with 96 males for every 100 females within the voting age. This shows there are more females within the voting age population than males (Table 2-5).

Table 2-5 voting Age Population

                                                                                                                                                 Ratio

Total                   Male               Female          (in %)

Voting Age Population                            255,479             124,835            130,644           56
Non-Voting Age                                        198,784             102,051            96,733             44
Total                                                           244,266             226,886            277,377          100

Source: NSO Census of Population and Housing 2010