The City of San Jose del Monte (SJDM) comprises 59 barangays and encompasses a total land area of 10,553 hectares (based on data from the Land Management Bureau). The Local Government Unit (LGU), however, claims an actual territorial area of 31,294 hectares which include disputed land areas with adjacent municipalities. Based on the National Statistics Office Survey, SJDM registered a population of 315,807 in 2000.
Located at the northeast periphery of Metro Manila, the City is bounded by the Bulacan municipalities of Marilao and Santa Maria on the west, and Norzagaray on the north. Quezon province lies to its east, Rizal Province to its southeast and Kalookan City to its south. Quirino Highway serves as the main road which allows SJDM access to Norzagaray on the north and Kalookan City on the south. The City is likewise accessible from Santa Maria on its west via the Santa Maria-Tungkong Mangga Provincial Road.
SJDM was proclaimed the first City of Bulacan on 10 September 2000. In the Provincial Physical Framework Plan for 1998 to 2007, about one third of the City is proposed as an Urban Expansion Area. This same area lies along the Norzagaray-SJDM Growth Corridor, one of the three growth corridors proposed for the provi8nce of Bulacan.